Republic Day 2012: Historical Facts, Parade Celeberations & Preparations, Messages
- The main ceremonial parade was held in the capital
- Thailand's first woman Prime Minister Yinluck Shinawatra as the guest of honour.
- The ceremony began around 10 am with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh laying a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti to pay tribute to an unknown soldier.
- This was followed by a grand parade from on the Rajpath highlighting the might of Indian armed forces as neatly uniformed men and women marched past, shoulder-to-shoulder, saluting President Pratibha Patil on the dais.
- Lt Gen Vijay Kumar Pillai, general officer commanding, Delhi Area and his deputy Major General Rajbir Singh commanded the parade.
- The marching contingents of the Indian Army included horse-mounted columns of the 61st Cavalry, Parachute Regiment, Bengal Engineer Group and Centre, Brigade of the Guards, Kumaon Regiment, Assam Regiment, Mahar Regiment, Gorkha Rifles Regiment and the Corps of Military Police.
- The Indian Navy's contingents was led by Lt Commander Manikandan K and the Air Force contingent by Flight Lieutenant Sneha Shekhawat - the first woman ever to lead an IAF contingent at the Republic Day parade.
- The contingents of paramilitary and other auxiliary forces included those from the Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Assam Rifles, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Coast Guard, Sashastra Seema Bal, Central Industrial Security Force, Railway Protection Force, Delhi Police, National Cadet Corps and National Service Scheme.
- Tableaux from 23 states and central ministries presented the varied historical, architectural and cultural heritage of the country in the ongoing parade.
- The first tableau was from West Bengal depicting Shantiniketan.
- The Agni-IV, successfully flight tested last November, stole the limelight as people cheered when the missile which can carry nuclear weapons was rolled out on the majestic Rajpath.
- The Intermediate Range Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile mounted on a road mobile launcher was paraded by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- Put on display for the first time was the 150 km range Prahaar Tactical Battlefield Support Missile and the Rustom-1 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). Indigenously designed and developed RUSTOM-1, the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), was another eye-catcher at the parade.The medium altitude long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (Male UAV) has been developed by the DRDO with Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) in Bangalore. RUSTOM-I, named after late Prof Rustom B Damania will replace or supplement the Heron UAVs in service with the Indian armed forces. It has has the potential military missions like reconnaissance and surveillance, target acquisition, target designation, communications relay, battle damage assessment and signal intelligence.
- Three of the six C-130J Super Hercules aircraft recently bought from the US was another first in the parade. The sixth aircraft was brought as late as November 2011.
Special attraction of the 63rd Republic Day Celebrations
- Sneha Shekhawat from Sikar in Rajasthan on Thursday created history when she led the Air Force contingent at the 63rdRepublic Day parade becoming the first woman pilot to do so.
- Flight Lieutenant Shekhawat was assisted by three other women Flying Officers Heena Pore, Anupam Chaudhary and Pooja Negi as the 144-strong Air Force contingent marched to the tunes of 'Air Battle'.
- She was cheered by thousands of spectators as the commentator mentioned that she is the first woman to lead an Air Force contingent in the 63-year-old history of the parade.
- Shekhawat is at posted with the IAF squadron at Hindon air base.
- She was the face of elegance and confidence as she led the 144-member strong Air Force contingent marching to the tunes of its band playing 'Air Battle'.
Republic Day 2012 Facts & Parade Preparations
- A total of 1200 school children from different parts of the country will be showcasing a variety of cultural items in this year’s Republic Day Parade. Among them 340 students are from Delhi.
- Based on the ideals of meaningful education of Mahatma Gandhi, the students of Kendriya Vidyalaya, Sec-2, RK Puram, New Delhi, will be presenting an item on mass literacy. Through their song and formation they will invoke a world where every person is educated in letter and spirit, where everyone would touch the height of prosperity and enlightenment.
- Students of Government Sarvodaya Vidyala, Hastsal will present ‘Kodiyancha Karavan’, a folk dance of Maharashtra fishermen.
- South Zone Cultural Centre’s presentation will be ‘Karagam’, a folk dance of Tamil Nadu which originated as a ritual dedicated to Mariamman, the goddess of health and rain, East Zonal cultural Centre’s item, ‘Thakurani’ will be a combination of ‘Animal Dance’, ‘Ranapa Dance’ and ‘Jodi’. It is connected with the religious procession of Thakurani Jatra in Ganjam district of Odisha. North Central Zone Cultural Centre will present ‘Gudum Baja’, a traditional tribal dance in Mandla and Shahdol Districts of Madhya Pradesh. It is performed on all auspicious occasions and festivals.
- Republic Day Security: In a bid to thwart any possible terror strike, Delhi Police will enhance CCTV surveillance between Rajpath and Red Fort and monitor every movement from the police headquarters. The entire CCTV coverage will also be linked to the C4i at Delhi Police Headquarters and monitored there by a dedicated team of officers. Keeping a bird's eye on the public to ensure no suspicious movement goes unnoticed, 162 CCTVs will be installed across the eight-km route.
Republic Day Facts
- Republic Day is one of the three national holidays of India and the greatest festival celebrated in the country.
- It is celebrated every year on January 26, in New Delhi with great pomp, fanfare and pageant.
- In the capitals of the States and other headquarters, it is marked with patriotic fervor.
- The Republic Day celebrations of India have become world famous as one of the greatest shows on earth drawing thousands of eager sight-seers from all over the country and many parts of the world as well.
- There are many national and local cultural programs focusing on the history and culture of India. Children have a special place in these programs. Many children receive gifts of sweets or small toys.
- A prime minister's rally also takes place around this time of the year, as well as the Lok Tarang – National Folk Dance Festival, which occurs annually from January 24-29.
Republic Day Parade Facts
- The most spectacular celebrations are marked by the Republic Day Parade that takes place in the capital of New Delhi at Rajpath.
- It includes march past of the three armed forces, massive parades, folk dances by tribal folk from different states in picturesque costumes marking the cultural unity of India.
- The streak of jet planes of Indian Air Force, leaving a trial of colored smoke, marks the end of the festival.
- Large military parades are held in New Delhi and the state capitals.
- Representatives of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force and traditional dance troupes take part in the parades.
- A grand parade is held in New Delhi and the event starts with India's prime minister laying a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, to remember soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their country.
- India's president takes the military salute during the parade in New Delhi while state governors take the military salutes in state capitals. A foreign head of state is the president's chief guest on Republic Day.
- Awards and medals of bravery are given to the people from the armed forces and also to civilians.
- Helicopters from the armed forces then fly past the parade area showering rose petals on the audience.
- School children also participate in the parade by dancing and singing patriotic songs.
- Armed Forces personnel also showcase motorcycle rides.
- The parade concludes with a "fly past" by the Indian Air Force, which involves fighter planes of flying past the dais, symbolically saluting the president. These leave trails of smoke in the colors of the Indian flag.
Republic Day Historical Facts
- India became independent of the United Kingdom on August 15, 1947. India did not have a permanent constitution at this time.
- The drafting committee presented the constitution's first draft to the national assembly on November 4, 1947.
- The national assembly signed the final English and Hindi language versions of the constitution on January 24, 1950.
- India's constitution came into effect on Republic Day, January 26, 1950. This date was chosen as it was the anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day, which was held onJanuary 26, 1930.
- The constitution gave India's citizens the power to govern themselves by choosing their own government. Dr Rajendra Prasad took oath as India's first president at the Durbar Hall in the Government House, followed by a residential drive along a route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled India's national flag.
- Ever since the historic day, January 26 is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervor across India.
Republic Day Messages
ground to meet,
let me remember the anonymous,
for once at least,
beyond the patriotic floats display
on a Republic Day
“No Nation is Perfect, it needs to be made perfect.”
Meri Pehchaan Mera India
Happy Republic Day.
"HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY
Every1 sends wishes much b4 Valentine/Frndship/NewYr but no 1 b4 REPUBLIC.If u r TRUE INDIAN,send atleast 1day b4.Proud to be an INDIAN.
Freedom in Mind,
Faith in Words,
Pride in our Heart,
Memories in our Souls.
Lets Salute the Nation on REPUBLIC DAY.
Some Like Sunday,
Some like Monday,
But i like One Day
And that is Republic Day
Aao jhuk kar salam kare unko, jinke hisse me ye mukam aata hai, khusnasib hota hai wo khoon jo desh ke kaam aata hai, “HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY”
Aaj agar Valentine day hota to message box overflow hota.
Or sab ko 26 Jan ki Shubhkamnaye do.
HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY.
N degi duppta kfan k liye,
Mrna h to maro "VATAN" k liye, "TIRANGA" TO mile ga kfan ke liye .
Happy Republic day