Pongal Festival Facts, Pongal Greetings & Messages, Pongal Celebrations & Wishes
Pongal Festival Facts
- Pongal is the only festival of Hindu that follows a solar calendar
- Pongal is celebrated on the fourteenth of January every year.
- Festival of Pongal has its own astronomical significance: it marks the beginning of Uttarayana, the Sun's movement northward for a six month period.
- In Hinduism, Uttarayana is considered auspicious, as opposed to Dakshinaayana, or the southern movement of the sun. All important events are scheduled during this period.
- Makara Sankranthi refers to the event of the Sun entering the zodiac sign of Makara or Capricorn.
- In Hindu temples bells, drums, clarinets and conch shells herald the joyous occasion of Pongal.
- To symbolize a bountiful harvest, rice is cooked in new pots until they boil over.
- Some of the rituals performed in the temple include the preparation of rice, the chanting of prayers and the offering of vegetables, sugar cane and spices to the gods.
- Devotees then consume the offerings to exonerate themselves of past sins.
- Pongal signals the end of the traditional farming season, giving farmers a break from their monotonous routine.
- Farmers also perform puja to some crops, signaling the end of the traditional farming season.
- It also sets the pace for a series of festivals to follow in a calendar year. In fact, four festivals are celebrated in Tamil Nadu for four consecutive days in that week. 'Bogi' is celebrated on January 13, 'Pongal' on Jan 14, 'Maattuppongal' on Jan 15, and 'Thiruvalluvar Day' on Jan 16.
- Coinciding with Makara Sankranti and Lohri of the north, it is also called Pongal Sankranti.
Festival of Pongal [Video]
Pongal Festival Celebrations Facts
- The festival is celebrated for four days.
- On, the first day, Bhogi, the old clothes and materials are thrown away and fired, marking the beginning of a new life.
- The second day, the Pongal day, is celebrated by boiling fresh milk early in the morning and allowing it to boil over the vessel - a tradition that is the literal translation for Pongal. People also prepare savories and sweets, visit each other's homes, and exchange greetings.
- The third day, Mattu Pongal, is meant to offer thanks to the cows and buffaloes, as they are used to plough the lands.
- On the last day, Kanum Pongal, people go out to picnic.
- A festival called Jalli kathu is held in Madurai, Tiruchirapalli and Tanjavur,all in Tamil Nadu, on this day.
- Bundles of money are tied to the horns of Pongal ferocious bulls which the villagers try to retrieve.
- Everyone joins in the community meal, at which the food is made of the freshly harvested grain.
- This day is named and celebrated asTamilian Tirunal in a fitting manner through out Tamil Nadu.
- Thus, the harvest festival of Pongal symbolizes the veneration of the first fruit.
- The crop is harvested only after a certain time of the year, and cutting the crop before that time is strictly prohibited.
- Even though Pongal was originally a festival for the farming community, today it is celebrated by all. In south India, all three days of Pongal are considered important.
- However, those south Indians who have settled in the north usually celebrate only the second day.
Pongal Festival Wishes / Greetings / Messages
- Pongal wishes are exchanged between family and friends, and there are celebrations within the family.
- As one stand on the threshold of the harvest season, everyone exchange Pongal wishes, hoping that it brings the harbinger of good luck, good fortune and good cheer.
- People wish each other good times and happiness, peace and prosperity and a whole lot more in life.
- People wish each other with words like "Pongalo Pongal" and "Pongum Mangalam Engum Thanguga" in Tamil.
- Tamils wish each other to start the New year with mutual respect, mutual understanding, mutual trust and sincere cooperation.
- There is no age, sex and language bar for this festival.
- Though the traditional way of wishing people on the festival of Pongal is to visit personally. But due to increase in distance and lack of time due to busy lifestyle, people have taken the help of the Internet.
- One can easily send an e-greeting card, free of cost. Further, these card can be personalized as one can splash a few colors or paint a theme, and give an appropriate and attractive Pongal greeting with it.
- Throughout the four days of Pongal there is exchange of sweets and presents between family, friends, neighbors, employers and employees, as a symbol of unity and tradition that is passed down to new generations.
- As part of age-old belief and in the hope that the month of `Thai' will usher in good fortunes,
- Tamils go agog with joy. With accompanying music to add to the mood, they knock at every door and receive gifts and sumptuous meal.
- The farm laborers too get rewards and gifts from their masters, called `Pongal Padi' or `Pongal Parisu' (the Pongal gift).
- In the villages, shopkeepers give gifts or a bonus to their employees to show their gratitude for the hard work they have done through out the year.
- In urban areas, all regular service goers are paid this `Pongal Padi'.
Pongal Greeting Cards & Messages
Happy Pongal Messages
Happy Surya Pongal
Happy Mattu Pongal
Happy Thiruvalluvar Day / Kaanum Pongal
Pongivarum pongal pola
Engum pongattum magizhchi
Anaivarukkum INIYA PONGAL NAL VAZHTHUKKAL
Uzhavargalin Unnatha Thirunall
Kadavulukku Nandri Therivittu Pongalai Kondadungal!
We thank sun for burning himself to save us.
We thank plants sacrificing their life for us.
And we thank all the creatures helping us to live in this world for some time.
May the Festival of Pongal usher in Goodwill,
May all your Wishes be fulfilled
Wish you a Happy Pongal
Wish you & your family a very Happy Pongal.
God Sugarcane to cow and ox
Sweet rise to you and me
Good milk to friends and family
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This van is loaded with
LOVE n CARE,
Wishing U and your family
A HAPPY PONGAL..!!