January 26, 2012

Indian National Anthem Facts Videos Hindi / English Translation Meaning

Facts about the Indian National Anthem Jana Gana Mana

  • The Indian National anthem, originally composed  in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore
  • National Anthem of India (Jana Gana Mana...) was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950
  • India's National Anthem (Jana Gana Mana...) was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. 
  • The complete National Anthem Song (Naja Gana Mana) consists of five stanzas. 
  • Playing time of full version of the National Anthem is  approximately 52 seconds. 
  • The lyrics of the National Anthem were rendered into English by Rabindranath Tagore himself.

Inda's National Anthem in Hindi

जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
पंजाब सिन्धु गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंगा
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंगा
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मांगे
गाहे तव जयगाथा

जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे!

English Version of the National Anthem of India: Jana Gana Mana... 

Jana gana mana adhi naayaka jaya hai! 
Bhaarat bhaagya vidhaata 
Punjab Sindh Gujarat Maraatha, 
Dravid Utkala Bangaa. 
Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga, 
Uchhala jaladhi taranga. 
Tava shubh naame jaage, 
Tava shubh aashish maage, 
Gahe tava jaya-gaatha. 

Jana-gana-mangaladayaka jaya hai! 
Bharat bhagya vidhata. 
Jaya hai! Jaya hai! Jaya hai! 
Jaya Jaya Jaya Jaya hai!

English Translation of Indian National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana

"Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
dispenser of India's destiny. 
The name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha, 
of the Dravid and Orissa and Bengal; 
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, 
mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganga 
and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise. 
The salvation of all people is in thy hand, 
thou dispenser of India's destiny. 
Victory, victory, victory to thee."

Recent Popular Video versions of the National Anthem of India Jana Gana Mana...



Indian Government's Orders & Guidelines related to the playing of the National Anthem Jana Gana Mana

[Please refer to http://mha.nic.in/pdfs/NationalAnthem(E).pdf for latest updates on this]

THE NATIONAL ANTHEM - FULL AND SHORT VERSIONS

(1) The composition consisting of the words and music of the first stanza of 

the late poet Rabindra Nath Tagore’s song known as “Jana Gana Mana” is 

the National Anthem of India. It reads as follows: - 

  Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he 

      Bharata-bhagya-vidhata

    Panjaba-Sindhu-Gujarata-Maratha

      Dravida-Utkala-Banga 

  Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga

   uchchala-jaladhi-taranga 

  Tava Subha name jage, tave subha asisa mage, 

      gahe tava jaya-gatha. 

  Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he

      Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. 

    Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he, 

   jaya jaya jaya jaya he. 

The above is the full version of the Anthem and its playing time is 

approximately 52 seconds. 

 

(2) A short version consisting of the  first and last lines of the National 

Anthem is also played on certain occasions. It reads as follows: 

  Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he

      Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. 

    Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,  

   Jaya jaya jaya jaya he. 

 Playing time of the short version is about 20 seconds. 

(3) The occasions on which the full versions or the short version will be 

played have been indicated at the appropriate places in these instructions.

 

II.   PLAYING OF THE ANTHEM

(1)   The full version of the Anthem shall be played on the following 

occasions: - 

i) Civil and Military investitures; 

ii) When National Salute (which means the Command “Rashtriya 

Salute – Salami Shastr” to the accompaniment of the National 

Anthem is given on ceremonial occasions to the President or to the 

Governor/Lieutenant Governor within their respective States/ 

Union Territories; 

iii) During parades – irrespective of whether any of the dignitaries 

referred to in (ii) above is present or not; 

iv) On arrival of the President at formal State functions and other 

functions organized by the Government and mass functions and on 

his departure from such functions; 

v) Immediately before and after  the President addresses the Nation 

over All India Radio; 

vi) On arrival of the Governor/Lieutenant Governor at formal State 

functions within his State/Union Territory and on his departure 

from such functions; 

vii) When the National Flag is brought on parade; 

viii) When the Regimental Colours are presented; 

ix) For hoisting of colours in the Navy. 

(2)   The short version of the Anthem shall be played when drinking toasts in 

Messes. 

(3) The Anthem shall be played on  any other occasion for which special 

orders have been issued by the Government of India. 

 

(4) Normally the Anthem shall not be played for the Prime Minister, though 

there may be special occasions when it may be played. 

(5) When the National Anthem is played by a band, the Anthem will be 

preceded by a roll of drums to assist the audience to know that the 

National Anthem is going to be played, unless there is some other specific 

indication that the National Anthem is about to be played, as for example, 

when fanfares are sounded before the National Anthem is played, or when 

toasts are drunk to the accompaniment of the National Anthem or when 

the National Anthem constitutes the National Salute given by a Guard of 

Honour. The duration of the roll, in  terms of marching  drill, will be 7 

paces in slow march. The roll will start slowly, ascend to as loud a volume 

as possible and then gradually decreases to original softness, but 

remaining audible until the seventh beat. One beat rest will then be 

observed before commencing the National Anthem. 

III.   MASS SINGING OF THE ANTHEM

(1) The full version of the Anthem  shall be played accompanied by mass 

singing on the following occasions: - 

(i) On the unfurling of the National Flag, on cultural occasions or 

ceremonial functions other than parades. (This could be arranged 

by having a choir or adequate size, suitably stationed, which would 

be trained to coordinate its singing with the band etc. There should 

be an adequate public audition system so that the gathering in 

various enclosures can sing in unison with the choir);

 

(ii) On arrival of the President at any Government or Public function 

(but excluding formal State functions and mess functions) and also 

immediately before his departure from such functions. 

(2) On all occasions when the National Anthem is sung, the full version shall 

be recited accompanied by mass singing. 

(3) The Anthem may be sung on occasions which, although not strictly 

ceremonial, are nevertheless invested  with significance because of the 

presence of Ministers etc. The singing of the Anthem on such occasions 

(with or without the accompaniment of an instruments) accompanied by 

mass singing is desirable. 4

(4) It is not possible to give an exhaustive list of occasions on which the 

singing (as distinct from playing) of the Anthem can be permitted. But 

there is no objection to the singing of the Anthem accompanied by mass 

singing so long as it is done with  due respect as a salutation to the 

motherland and proper decorum is maintained. 

 

(ii) On arrival of the President at any Government or Public function 

(but excluding formal State functions and mess functions) and also 

immediately before his departure from such functions. 

(2) On all occasions when the National Anthem is sung, the full version shall 

be recited accompanied by mass singing. 

(3) The Anthem may be sung on occasions which, although not strictly 

ceremonial, are nevertheless invested  with significance because of the 

presence of Ministers etc. The singing of the Anthem on such occasions 

(with or without the accompaniment of an instruments) accompanied by 

mass singing is desirable. 

(4) It is not possible to give an exhaustive list of occasions on which the 

singing (as distinct from playing) of the Anthem can be permitted. But 

there is no objection to the singing of the Anthem accompanied by mass 

singing so long as it is done with  due respect as a salutation to the 

motherland and proper decorum is maintained. 

(5) In all schools, the day’s work may begin with community singing of the 

Anthem. School authorities should make adequate provision in their 

programmes for popularising the singing of the Anthem and promoting 

respect for the National Flag among students. 

IV.   PLAYING OF FOREIGN ANTHEMS

(1) At receptions to foreign dignitaries in India at which the giving of 

National Salute has been prescribed, full version of the National Anthem 

of the visiting dignitary’s country should be played first, followed by the 

full version of the National Anthem of India. 

(2) At dramatic, film or other cultural festivals organised by a diplomatic or 

consular representative of a foreign country in India, the National Anthem 

of the foreign country concerned  may be played with the National 

Anthem of India. The foreign Anthem should be played first followed 

immediately by the Indian Anthem.

(3) At functions arranged by foreign Missions for celebrating their National 

Days, the National Anthem of the country holding the function may be 

played or sung. On theses occasions if the  President of India is 

represented by a Chief Guest not below the rank of a Cabinet Minister of 

the Central Government or by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi (if the 

function is held in Delhi) the National Anthem of India may be played 

first followed by the playing of the National Anthem of the country 

hosting the function. This procedure will also be followed if the function 

includes proposing of the toasts to Heads of States i.e. the Indian Anthem 

should be played immediately after  the toast has been proposed to the 

President of India and the National Anthem of the foreign country should 

be played immediately after the toast to Head of that country is proposed. 

In case National Anthem of India and of the country hosting the function 

have been played at the beginning of the function, there will be no need to 

play the Anthem of either or both the countries if any toasts are proposed. 5

Note: When the National Anthem is required to be played immediately 

before or after the National Anthem of a foreign country, as laid down in 

Section IV above, there should be no simultaneous singing of the National 

Anthem. However, mass singing of  the National Anthem should be 

required when it is played immediately before or after the Anthem of 

another country in the event that the visiting dignitary and his delegation 

are singing their own National Anthem. 

V.     GENERAL

(1) Whenever the Anthem is sung or  played, the audience shall stand to 

attention. However, when in the course of a newsreel or documentary the 

Anthem is played as a part of the film, it is not expected of the audience to 

stand as standing is bound to interrupt the exhibition of the film and 

would create disorder and confusion rather than add to the dignity of the 

Anthem. 

(2) As in the case of the flying of the National Flag, it has been left to the 

good sense of the people not to indulge in indiscriminate singing or 

playing of the Anthem.

 

 

 

 

 

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