January 26, 2012

Interesting National Anthem Facts for Different Countries Worldwide

General Facts about National Anthems

  • National Anthem hymn or song expressing patriotic sentiment and either governmentally authorized as an official national hymn or holding that position in popular feeling. 
  • During the 19th and early 20th centuries, most European countries followed Britain's example, some national anthems being written especially for the purpose, others being adapted from existing tunes. 
  • The sentiments of national anthems vary, from prayers for the monarch to allusions to nationally important battles or uprisings. 

Facts about National Anthems of Different countries

National Anthem of Different Countries Word over

  • Word definition ANTHEMATOLOGY/ANTHEMATOLOGIST - the study and collection of information about anthems - the word was invented by David Kendall in Canada in 2003.
  • 'God Save The King' was played non-stop 16 or 17 times by a German military band on the platform of Rathenau railway station, Brandenburg, Germany on the morning of February 9 1909. The reason was that King Edward VII was struggling inside the train with the uniform of a German Field-Marshall before he could emerge!
  • The music blared at a soccer match in Athens between a Chinese and a Greek side, and the crowd rose and stood in respectful silence. They assumed it was the Chinese National Anthem. The Chinese players also stood to attention, thinking it was the Greek National Anthem. Then a voice sang out: "IT WAS A TOOTHPASTE COMMERCIAL!"
  • Spain demanded an apology after the wrong Spanish National Anthem was played before a Davis Cup Tennis Match in Australia in 2003. The pre-Civil War Republican National Anthem was played for the Spanish team!
  • Oldest National Anthems:
    • JAPAN - oldest words - dating from the 9th Century
    • THE NETHERLANDS - oldest music - melody known before 1572
  • Country with Shortest National Anthem:UGANDA - 8 bars of music
  • Countries with Longest National Anthems:GREECE - lyrics - has a total of 158 verses!, URUGUAY - music - 105 bars of music
  • Country with Shortest lived National Anthem: SOMALILAND - 5 days only - June 26 1960 to July 01 1960
  • The only nation without a National Anthem of her own: CYPRUS - uses the National Anthem of Greece and the National Anthem of Turkey
  • Nations that share the same tune for their National Anthem:   
    • ESTONIA - FINLAND
    • LIECHTENSTEIN - UNITED KINGDOM
    • POLAND - Former YUGOSLAVIA (The music of the two National Anthems are slightly different)
    • TANZANIA - ZAMBIA (The two National Anthems have the same origin, but there are slight differences)
  • Oldest confirmed living composer of a National Anthem: Xiao He (born 1918) - GUINEA-BISSAU
  • Oldest confirmed living author of a National Anthem: Mathieu Ekra (born 1917) - IVORY COAST
  • Oldest State Song of the United States of America: SOUTH CAROLINA - adopted February 11 1911
  • Oldest confirmed living composer of a State Song of the United States America: Joseph Rocco Mascari (born 1922) - NEW JERSEY
  • Oldest confirmed living author of a State Song of the United States of America: Joseph Rocco Mascari (born 1922) - NEW JERSEY
  • Countries with Classic composers of National Anthems: 
    • AUSTRIA - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) - but this is disputed 
    • BANGLADESH - Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) 
    • GERMANY - Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) 
    • INDIA - Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) 
    • NORWAY - Rikard Nordraak (1842-1866) 
    • SINGAPORE - Zubir Said (1907-1987) 
    • VATICAN CITY STATE - Charles-François Gounod (1818-1893)
  • Statesmen who wrote the words for their own National Anthem:
    • BELGIUM - Charles Latour Rogier (1800-1885) - Prime Minister of Belgium (1832-1834) (1847-1852)(1857-1868)
    • COLOMBIA - Rafael Nuñez (1825-1894) President of Colombia (1880-1882) (1884-1888) (1892-1894) 
    • ECUADOR - Juan León Mera (1832-1894) President of Senate of Ecuador 
    • EL SALVADOR - Juan José Cañas (1826-1918) Minister of Foreign Affairs 
    • IVORY COAST - Mathieu Ekra (b.1917) - Minister of Information  and Joachim Bony (b.1927) - Minister of Education 
    • JAMAICA - Robert Charles Lightbourne (1909-1995) - Minister of Trade and Industry (1962-1972) 
    • JORDAN - Abdul-Mone'm al-Rifai' (1917-1985) Prime Minister of Jordan (1969) & (1970) 
    • LIBERIA - Daniel Bashiel Warner (1815-1880) President of Liberia (1864-1868) 
    • MALAYSIA - Tunku Abdul Rahman (1903-1990) Prime Minister of Malaysia (1957-1970) 
    • SÉNÉGAL - Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906-2001) President of Sénégal (1960-1980) 
    • TAIWAN - Sun Yat-Sen (1866-1925) President of China (1923-1925)
  • Foreign composers who wrote the music for a National Anthem:
    • ALBANIA - Ciprian Porumbescu (1853-1883) - Romanian 
    • ARMENIA - Barsegh Kanachyan (1885-1967) - Turkish 
    • BANGLADESH - Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) - Indian 
    • BOLIVIA - Leopoldo Benedetto Vincenti (1815-1914) - Italian 
    • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC Herbert Pepper (1912-2001) French 
    • CHILE Ramón Carnicer (1789-1855) Spanish
    • COLOMBIA Oreste Sindici (1837-1904) Italian 
    • CYPRUS Nikolaos Mantzaros (1795-1873) Greek 
    • ECUADOR Antonio Neumane (1818-1871) German 
    • EL SALVADOR Juan Aberle (1846-1930) German 
    • ESTONIA Friedrich Pacius (1809-1891) Finnish 
    • GERMANY Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Austrian 
    • GUINEA-BISSAU Xiao He (b.1918) Chinese 
    • HONDURAS Carlos Hartling (1869-1920) German 
    • IRAQ Mohammad Salim Flayfel (1899-1986) -  Lebanese and Ahmad Salim Flayfel (1906-1991) - Lebanese
    • MALAYSIA Pierre Jean de Beranger (1780-1857) French 
    • THE MALDIVES Wannakuwattawaduge Don Amaradeva (b.1927) Sri Lankan 
    • MAURITANIA Tolia Nikiprowetzky (1916-1997) Polish 
    • MEXICO Jaime Nuno (1824-1908) Spanish 
    • NAURU Laurence Henry Hicks (1912-1997) Australian 
    • NEPAL Amber Gurung (dates unknown) Indian 
    • NEW ZEALAND John Joseph Woods (1849-1934) Australian 
    • NICARAGUA Luis Abraham Delgadillo (1887-1961) Italian 
    • PALESTINE Ali Ismael (1922-1974) Egyptian 
    • PANAMA Santos Jorgea (1870-1941) Spanish 
    • PAPUA NEW GUINEA Thomas Shacklady (1917-2006) British 
    • PORTUGAL Alfredo Keil (1850-1907) German 
    • SAN MARINO Federico Consolo (1841-1906) Italian 
    • SAUDI ARABIA Abdul Rahman Al-Khateeb (b.1923) Egyptian 
    • SÉNÉGAL Herbert Pepper (1912-2001) French 
    • SERBIA Davorin Jenko (1835-1914) Slovenian 
    • SOLOMON ISLANDS Panapasa Balekana (1929-2009) Fijian 
    • SOMALIA Giuseppe Blanc (1886-1969) Italian 
    • SWAZILAND David Kenneth Rycroft (1924-1997) British 
    • SYRIA Mohammad Salim Flayfel (1899-1986)  Lebanese and Ahmad Salim Flayfel (1906-1991) - Lebanese 
    • TAJIKISTAN Suleiman Yudakov (1916-1990) Uzbek 
    • TANZANIA Enoch Mankayi Sontonga (1860-1904) South African 
    • TONGA Karl Gustavus Schmitt (1834-1900) German 
    • TUNISIA Mohamad Abdel Wahab (1915-1991) Egyptian 
    • UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Mohamad Abdel Wahab (1915-1991) Egyptian 
    • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA John Stafford Smith (c.1750-1836) British 
    • URUGUAY Francisco José Debali (1791-1859) Hungarian 
    • VATICAN CITY STATE Charles-François Gounod (1818-1893) French 
    • ZAMBIA Enoch Mankayi Sontonga (1860-1904) South African

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