June 8, 2011

India - Pakistan Nuclear Race: Latest Statistics


Fresh India Pak Nuclear Race / Threat Update: 
Congressional Research Service ( CRS)), the US Congress's bipartisan thinktank for legal and political analysis, has warned has recently released a report called Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues, on the Pakistan's Nuclear Programme, threats and tension between India & Pakistan. According to the report

  • Growing asymmetry in India-Pak conventional military capabilities could lead Islamabad to lower the threshold for using nuclear weapons. 
  • Pakistani government may consider fielding lower-yield nuclear weapons to increase the credibility of its nuclear deterrent vs. Indian conventional military operations. 
  • In addition to making qualitative and quantitative improvements to its nuclear arsenal, Pakistan could increase the number of circumstances under which it would be willing to use its nuclear weapons
  • Pakistan's nuclear posture is deliberately unclear with ill-defined red lines. 
  • The intent is to keep India - and the world - guessing about under what circumstances the nuclear button will be pressed - the imminent collapse of the Pakistani state, a massive attack on its cities or even reverses near the border. 
  • Pakistan's nuclear arsenal consists of 90-110 warheads as against India's 60-100. 
  • Instability in Pakistan has raised a question mark over the "extent and durability" of these proliferation reforms expressing fear of proliferation by radical sympathizers in Pakistan's nuclear establishment.
  • Pakistan is not just producing more fissile material but also deploying additional delivery vehicles. 
  • Only a few months ago, Pakistan had shocked the world as satellite images revealed that it was on the verge of completing work on the fourth reactor at Khushab, a plutonium-producing military facility. This has led to concerns in India that Pakistan is following the Chinese model of developing low-yield, tactical nuclear weapons which will provide it a "flexible" response in case of skirmishes at the border with India.
  • Pakistan's nuclear warheads use an implosion design with a solid core of approximately 15-20 kg of highly enriched uranium, it adds that Pakistan is also actively producing plutonium for weapons.
  • Indian officials believe that the speed with which Pakistan has carried out work on the fourth reactor, a plutonium-producing facility, at Khushab could only have been made possible through a steady supply of uranium from China. There was no sign of this reactor in Khushab until 2009. 
Earlier: 
India and Pakistan nuclear race has never been worse. The following statistics will tell you why:
  • In the past one year India and Pakistan have added 20-30 nuclear warheads. 
  • In 2010, India had 60-80 nuclear warheads but they have increased to 80-110 warheads.
  • In 2010, Pakistan had 70-90 nuclear war heads which have since increased to 90-110 warheads
  • India and Pakistan continue to develop new ballistic and cruise missile systems capable of delivering nuclear weapons. 
  • India & Pakistan are also expanding their capacities to produce fissile material for military purposes
  • India, Pakistan and six other countries -- the US, the UK, Russia, France, China and Israel -- possess more than 20,500 nuclear weapons, a drop of more than 2000 since 2009. 
  • More than 5000 of these weapons are deployed and ready for use
  • Nearly 2000 of these weapons are kept in a state of high operational alert. 

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